Gregorian Chant: A Guide to the History and Liturgy by Daniel SaulnierI doubt Ill be singing Gregorian Chant at all hours of the day and night, but it was interesting to read this book that covers the historical and musical background of this form of music that has been such a significant part of the Churchs liturgical life. Given that it has never been officially abandoned - only abandoned in practice - there is much to be gained from reading about this aspect of the Churchs life, and its impact on contemporary liturgical music.
Well worth reading.
From the back cover:
Chant is finding a new and widespread audience throughout the world today. Gregorian Chant brings together two of the forces that have fueled this modern-day chant revival: The Abbey of Saint Peter of Solesmes, France, and the late Dr. Mary Berry, who translated this unique work.
A compact and scholarly book, Gregorian Chant offers a fascinating tour through chants historical and musical origins, showing the role that chant plays in the history and liturgy of the Western church. Broad themes are discussed, such as the Divine Office and the Mass, but also detailed subjects such as psalmody, cantillation, modes, and pivotal chant manuscripts. Gregorian Chant tells the story of how this unique form of music and worship functions - and has the power to enhance and revitalize worship.
Gregorian Chants at 432Hz - 3 Hours of Healing Music
What is Gregorian Chant?
Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant , a form of monophonic , unaccompanied sacred song of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions. Although popular legend credits Pope Gregory I with inventing Gregorian chant, scholars believe that it arose from a later Carolingian synthesis of Roman chant and Gallican chant. Gregorian chants were organized initially into four, then eight, and finally 12 modes. Typical melodic features include a characteristic ambitus , and also characteristic intervallic patterns relative to a referential mode final , incipits and cadences , the use of reciting tones at a particular distance from the final, around which the other notes of the melody revolve, and a vocabulary of musical motifs woven together through a process called centonization to create families of related chants. The scale patterns are organized against a background pattern formed of conjunct and disjunct tetrachords , producing a larger pitch system called the gamut.
Gregorian Chants from Assisi - Medieval Lauds
Gregoran chants are a body of chants of the Roman Catholic Church, most of which are part of two liturgical rites, the Mass and the Offices. Origins are traditionally are ascribed to the period of Pope Gregory I The sacred music of the Gregorian Chant was also known as plainchant, or plainsong and named after Pope Gregory. This music consisted of a single line of melody with a flexible rhythm sung to Latin words by unaccompanied male voices. Manuscripts date from ninth century and used a system of modes, specific patterns of whole and half steps. This single line of melody, called monophony, characterized music until about AD.
What we call "Gregorian chant" is one of the richest and most subtle art forms in Western music — indeed, in the music of any culture. Various Old Testament books, especially the Psalms and the Chronicles, testify to the central function of music in temple worship. The first Christians spontaneously chose the Psalter for their "prayer book. The psalter is the "verbal incense" of our prayers and praises, the homage of our intellects. The bloody sacrifice, the death and destruction of an animal, is the total surrender of our being to God.
Gregorian chant , monophonic, or unison, liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church , used to accompany the text of the mass and the canonical hours , or divine office. Gregorian chant is named after St. Gregory I , during whose papacy — it was collected and codified. Charlemagne , king of the Franks — , imposed Gregorian chant on his kingdom, where another liturgical tradition—the Gallican chant—was in common use. During the 8th and 9th centuries, a process of assimilation took place between Gallican and Gregorian chants; and it is the chant in this evolved form that has come down to the present. The Ordinary of the mass includes those texts that remain the same for each mass.