Isaac Newton by James GleickIsaac Newton was born in a stone farmhouse in 1642, fatherless and unwanted by his mother. When he died in London in 1727 he was so renowned he was given a state funeral—an unheard-of honor for a subject whose achievements were in the realm of the intellect. During the years he was an irascible presence at Trinity College, Cambridge, Newton imagined properties of nature and gave them names—mass, gravity, velocity—things our science now takes for granted. Inspired by Aristotle, spurred on by Galileo’s discoveries and the philosophy of Descartes, Newton grasped the intangible and dared to take its measure, a leap of the mind unparalleled in his generation.
James Gleick, the author of Chaos and Genius, and one of the most acclaimed science writers of his generation, brings the reader into Newton’s reclusive life and provides startlingly clear explanations of the concepts that changed forever our perception of bodies, rest, and motion. Ideas so basic to the twenty-first century we literally take them for granted.
How Did Isaac Newton Die?
Newton also made seminal contributions to optics , and shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing the infinitesimal calculus. In Principia , Newton formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation that formed the dominant scientific viewpoint until it was superseded by the theory of relativity.
Isaac Newton Died A Virgin And 9 Other Facts About The Brilliant, Bizarre Physicist
Isaac Newton today is venerated as one of the greatest scientists who ever lived -- the father of classical mechanics and co-creator of calculus. But in his day, Newton was known for many things, including some very bizarre behavior and a personality that might be considered quirky at best. Fact 1: Newton was a big-time sinner. At least he thought he was. At the tender age of 19, the future mathematician committed to paper a list of 48 sins of which he was guilty. Transgressions ranged from "peevishness" at his mother to "having uncleane thoughts words and actions and dreamese. Fact 2: He stuck a needle in his eye socket -- on purpose.
Son of Isaac Newton Sr. Sir Isaac Newton , PRS 4 January — 31 March [OS: 25 December — 20 March ] was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist described in his own day as a "natural philosopher" who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution. Newton also made pathbreaking contributions to optics, and he shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing the infinitesimal calculus. Newton 's Principia formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation that dominated scientists' view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. By deriving Kepler 's laws of planetary motion from his mathematical description of gravity, and using the same principles to account for the trajectories of comets, the tides, the precession of the equinoxes, and other phenomena, Newton removed the last doubts about the validity of the heliocentric model of the Solar System and demonstrated that the motion of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies could be accounted for by the same principles. Newton 's theoretical prediction that the Earth is shaped as an oblate spheroid was later vindicated by the geodetic measurements of Maupertuis , La Condamine, and others, thus convincing most Continental European scientists of the superiority of Newtonian mechanics over the earlier system of Descartes.
Isaac Newton was an English scientist and mathematician. He made major contributions in mathematics and physics the study of the relationship between matter and energy and advanced the work of previous scientists on the laws of motion, including the law of gravity. His father died two months before he was born. When he was three years old, his mother remarried and moved away, leaving Isaac in the care of his grandmother. After a basic education in local schools, at the age of twelve he was sent to the King's School in Grantham, England, where he lived in the home of a pharmacist one who prepares and distributes medication named Clark.
Sir Isaac Newton was a mathematician and physicist whose brilliance helped launch an age of scientific exploration. Newton had a harsh early life. He was born in Woolsthorpe, England, as a tiny, premature baby who surprised everyone by surviving. His father, a farmer, died just before Newton was born. At age 3, he was separated from his mother, who left him with his grandparents in order to remarry. In , Newton went to Cambridge University, the place where he would spend a good portion of his life. He helped pay for his tuition by working as a servant to other students.