Classics and the Western Canon - Interim Readings: Homeric Hymns: The Hymn to Demeter Showing 1-23 of 23
The Homeric Hymn to Demeter
The reader does understand from these epithets that Zeus controls storm clouds and thunder. From the story the reader also sees that Zeus is the god who allowed and facilitated the abduction of Persephone. According to this hymn, he is obviously in a position to command the other gods and goddesses as well, which means that his position of power among the gods may also have given him the authority to offer Persephone to his brother Hades. She refuses to obey the king of the gods, and she is not punished for it. If the humans are starving, then they also have no food or gifts to offer their gods, which is the reason that Zeus has a messenger order her to make the land fertile once again. Everyone—mortal and immortal—suffers due to Demeter and her anger, which leads to Zeus ordering Hades to return Persephone to her mother. Unlike Demeter, Hades must obey this command from his brother and king.
Schein Seth. Divine and Human in the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite. Actes du colloque international de Lyon, juin University of California-Davis. The Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite is the only surviving example of archaic Greek epic in which divinity and humanity are co-equal poetic themes. Odyssey and, in a different way, the Works and Days are concerned mainly with the human, mortal condition. She observes that the.
Maravela Anastasia. The discussion focuses on narrative motifs and elements identifiable in both poems : Zeus in remote control of the action, female divinity in disguise, abduction tales, abduction of offspring, divine epiphanies, and others. The correspondences are extensive and may show interactive patterns and mechanisms. These features suggest that the Hymn to Demeter may have borrowed and adapted some narrative elements from the Hymn to Aphrodite. The subsoil for the interaction is identified in the concern of the two poems with the tension between mortal finitude and immortal infinity. Since none of the common narrative motifs and elements can determine in itself the question of dependence, the argument and case which is made is cumulative.
~ pagan songs & tales
For all of its popularity and importance, however, it is also one of the most frequently misunderstood texts of Greek antiquity in existence, for reasons which will be detailed below. While a variety of translations of the Homeric Hymns are available, the present version, with its parallel Greek text and English translation, extensive textual notes, and lengthy interpretive essay, is perhaps one of the most useful and comprehensive editions currently available. However, this reading is at odds with the text itself, which Foley makes clear throughout her notes and discussions. Once Persephone is stolen by Hades, Demeter looks for information on where she has gone and what has become of her with the help of Hekate and Helios , and then goes wandering the earth in disguise. Demeter then reveals herself, and retreats to the safety of her temple in Eleusis, and it is only then that she removes the fertility from the earth. It is the lack of vegetable produce, which in addition to causing human starvation also deprives the gods of their sacrificial offerings, which prompts the gods to intervene, to bring Persephone back to Demeter, and for Demeter to gain additional honors once her mother Rheia returns her to the company of the gods on Olympus.