Fight Like the Devil: The First Day at Gettysburg, July 1, 1863 by Chris MackowskiDo not bring on a general engagement, Confederate General Robert E. Lee warned his commanders. The Army of Northern Virginia, slicing its way through south-central Pennsylvania, was too spread out, too vulnerable, for a full-scale engagement with its old nemesis, the Army of the Potomac. Too much was riding on this latest Confederate invasion of the North. Too much was at stake. As Confederate forces groped their way through the mountain passes, a chance encounter with Federal cavalry on the outskirts of a small Pennsylvania crossroads town triggered a series of events that quickly escalated beyond Lee s or anyone s control. Waves of soldiers materialized on both sides in a constantly shifting jigsaw of combat. You will have to fight like the devil . . . one Union cavalryman predicted. The costliest battle in the history of the North American continent had begun. July 1, 1863 remains the most overlooked phase of the battle of Gettysburg, yet it set the stage for all the fateful events that followed. Bringing decades of familiarity to the discussion, historians Chris Mackowski, Kristopher D. White, and Daniel T. Davis, in their engaging style, recount the action of that first day of battle and explore the profound implications in Fight Like the Devil. About the Authors: Chris Mackowski and Kristopher D. White are cofounders of Emerging Civil War and Daniel T. Davis is chief historian. Between them, they have authored more than a dozen books and have penned articles for Civil War Times, America s Civil War, Hallowed Ground, and Blue & Gray. Chris is a writing professor at St. Bonaventure University in Allegany, NY, and historian-in-residence at Stevenson Ridge, a historic property on the Spotsylvania battlefield. Daniel is a graduate of Longwood University with a B.A. in public history and has worked as a historian at Appomattox Court House National Historic Site. Kris is a historian for the Penn-Trafford Recreation Board and a continuing education instructor for the Community College of Allegheny County near Pittsburgh; he is also a former Licensed Battlefield Guide. All have worked as historians at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Read their blog at www.emergingcivilwar.com."
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1 , July 3 , Battle of Gettysburg General Robert E. First battling north of the city, by the second day Union forces had retreated south, forming a strong line as men arrived almost continuously. On the third day, the infamous Pickett's Charge marked the end of the Confederates hope for a victory The bloodiest three days in American history. General John Reynolds is killed west of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Less than a month earlier, Abraham Lincoln had offered him command of the Army of the Potomac.
Battle of Gettysburg , July 13, , major engagement in the American Civil War , fought 35 miles 56 km southwest of Harrisburg , Pennsylvania , that was a crushing Southern defeat. It is generally regarded as the turning point of the war and has probably been more intensively studied and analyzed than any other battle in U. The South lost many of its men, including generals and colonels, and Gen. Robert E. Lee lost all hope of invading the North. He fought the rest of the war on the defensive. The Gettysburg Address was a speech given on November 19, , by U.
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Meade, at the crossroads town of Gettysburg.
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American Battlefield Trusts map of the Battle of Gettysburg - Morning Fight for McPherson Ridge
In the fields outside a small Pennsylvania town, two massive armies collided unexpectedly, provoking the bloodiest battle of the Civil War. Robert E. Lee , began crossing the Potomac River for its second invasion of the North. On June 29, newly appointed federal commander Maj. George Meade ordered his 94,man Army of the Potomac to pursue.
Lee and the Army of the Potomac under Union Maj. George G. It soon escalated into a major battle which culminated in the outnumbered and defeated Union forces retreating to the high ground south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The first-day battle proceeded in three phases as combatants continued to arrive at the battlefield. In the morning, two brigades of Confederate Maj. Henry Heth 's division of Lt. Hill 's Third Corps were delayed by dismounted Union cavalrymen under Brig.
In the early hours of July 1, , Gen. Hill directed his corps of the Army of Northern Virginia to make a reconnaissance in force toward the town of Gettysburg. John Reynolds. In spite of the staunch Union resistance, the Confederates had the advantage in terms of numbers and position. Richard S.