The History Book Club - SUPREME COURT OF THE U.S.: #96 - ASSOCIATE JUSTICE THURGOOD MARSHALL Showing 1-26 of 26
Biography of Thurgood Marshall, First Black Supreme Court Justice
On June 13, , President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated distinguished civil rights lawyer Thurgood Marshall to be the first African American justice to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall had already made his mark in American law, having won 29 of the 32 cases he argued before the Supreme Court, most notably the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka , which ruled school segregation unconstitutional. Marshall had also been appointed to the Second Circuit of the U. Court of Appeals by President John F. Kennedy in and U.
Thurgood Marshall July 2, to January 24, was an American lawyer who was appointed as an associate justice of the Supreme Court in He was the first African-American to hold the position and served for 24 years, until Marshall studied law at Howard University. In , he won the Brown v. Board of Education case, in which the Supreme Court ended racial segregation in public schools. Thurgood Marshall, the first African-American Supreme Court justice, played a vital part in ending legal segregation during the Civil Rights Movement through the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education.
Thurgood Marshall (July 2, – January 24, ) was an American lawyer who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from October until October Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice.
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As an attorney, he argued landmark civil rights cases for the NAACP
Thurgood Marshall July 2, —January 24, , the great-grandson of slaves, was the first African-American justice appointed to the United States Supreme Court, where he served from to Earlier in his career, Marshall was a pioneering civil rights attorney who successfully argued the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education , a major step in the fight to desegregate American schools. The Brown decision is considered one of the most significant civil rights victories of the 20th century. Marshall named "Thoroughgood" at birth was born in Baltimore on Jan. Norma was an elementary school teacher and William worked as a railroad porter. The Marshalls returned to Baltimore in when Thurgood was 5.
Thurgood Marshall is pictured here with his family. Nominated by President Johnson in , Thurgood Marshall was instrumental in ending legal segregation as a civil rights lawyer. In the landmark Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education , Marshall successfully challenged the doctrine of "separate but equal" arguing that segregated educational facilties are unequal and therefore a violation of the 14th Amendment. Those amendments speak to a sense of decency and fairness that I and other Blacks cherish," Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall said. Marshall served on the nation's highest court for 24 years.