Beginnings And Endings Quotes (55 quotes)
Cradle of civilization
A cradle of civilization is a location where civilization is understood to have emerged. Current thinking is that there was no single "cradle", but several civilizations that developed independently, with the Fertile Crescent Ancient Egypt , Mesopotamia , Ancient India , and Ancient China understood to be the earliest. Scholars accept that the civilizations of Mesoamerica , mainly in modern Mexico , and Norte Chico , in the north-central coastal region of Peru , emerged independently from those in Eurasia. Scholars have defined civilization using various criteria such as the use of writing, cities, a class-based society, agriculture, animal husbandry, public buildings, metallurgy, and monumental architecture. It has also been applied to ancient Anatolia , the Levant and Iranian plateau , and used to refer to culture predecessors—such as Ancient Greece as the predecessor of Western civilization  —even when such sites are not understood as an independent development of civilization, as well as within national rhetoric. The concept "cradle of civilization" is the subject of much debate.
Origins of the First Civilization
Archeologists and historians have made it possible for us to understand the events and cultures that have shaped our society today through the discovery of fossils, artifacts, and ruined cities that are linked to our ancestors. Through their findings, the origin and growth of civilization have been established. Although some civilizations like Atlantis and Rama are shrouded by myths and legends, others actually existed in the world. It is nearly impossible to rank civilizations based on importance since each was significant in shaping the world. However, it is possible to rank them in chronological order.
For thousands of years after homo sapiens first appeared, early man laid the foundations for what would eventually become human civilization by developing agriculture, weaponry, art, social structure, and politics. Although the Mesopotamians are typically considered the very first urban civilization in the world, several earlier peoples developed complex societies and cultures that can also be classified as civilizations and they have been included on this list. The ancient Egyptians developed construction techniques that enabled them to build massive monuments such as pyramids, temples, and obelisks. Some of their other achievements include creating a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems, the first known planked boats, glass technology, and new forms of literature. Location: Peru Notable Achievements: Monumental architecture including sunken circular plazas and earthwork platform mounds. The Norte Chico civilization is a pre-ceramic culture as archaeologists have found no ceramic remains and almost no visual art. However, the Norte Chico people are known for their monumental architecture which includes large earthwork platform mounds and sunken circular plazas such as the one pictured above.