The Art of the Catapult: Build Greek Ballistae, Roman Onagers, English Trebuchets, and More Ancient Artillery by William GurstelleWhether playing at defending their own castle or simply chucking pumpkins over a fence, wannabe marauders and tinkerers will become fast acquainted with Ludgar, the War Wolf, Ill Neighbor, Cabulus, and the Wild Donkey—ancient artillery devices known commonly as catapults. Building these simple yet sophisticated machines introduces fundamentals of math and physics using levers, force, torsion, tension, and traction. Instructions and diagrams illustrate how to build seven authentic working model catapults, including an early Greek ballista, a Roman onager, and the apex of catapult technology, the English trebuchet. Additional projects include learning how to lash and make rope and how to construct and use a hand sling and a staff sling. The colorful history of siege warfare is explored through the stories of Alexander the Great and his battle of Tyre; Saladin, Richard the Lionheart, and the Third Crusade; pirate-turned-soldier John Crabbe and his ship-mounted catapults; and Edward I of England and his battle against the Scots at Stirling Castle.
The TRUTH about medieval CATAPULTS
Ballista facts for kids
Developed from earlier Greek weapons, it relied upon different mechanics, using two levers with torsion springs instead of a tension prod the bow part of a modern crossbow , offering much greater efficiency over tension-based weaponry. The springs consisting of several loops of twisted skeins. Early versions projected heavy darts or spherical stone projectiles of various sizes for siege warfare. It developed into a smaller precision weapon, the scorpio ,  and possibly the polybolos. The early ballista in Ancient Greece was developed from two weapons called oxybeles and gastraphetes. The gastraphetes 'belly-bow' was a handheld crossbow.
I have a youtube channel with over Videos! Hi, Thanks for visiting my website. My name is Will and if you have questions or would like to contribute projects or ideas you can contact me. We may never exactly know when the first legitimate catapult was developed but it is generally credited with being around the 3rd to 4th Century BC. An interesting thing about catapults and siege engines in general is that they developed over time from smaller weapons. The Catapult is pretty much a derivative and direct result of the Bow and. The catapult is the end result of the desire to make weapons that are bigger, more powerful, and can hurl bigger objects longer distances.
Ballista , ancient missile launcher designed to hurl javelins or heavy balls. Ballistas were powered by torsion derived from two thick skeins of twisted cords through which were thrust two separate arms joined at their ends by the cord that propelled the missile. The much smaller carroballistae were of similar design but were sufficiently mobile that Roman legions took them into the field on carts. The largest ballistas were quite accurate in hurling pound weights up to about yards. Compare catapult.
Nicolas Duronio's Catapult Project. Search this site. What is a Catapult and the History of Catapults. My Catapult. The 3 Main Types of Catapults are:. The Ballista is very similar to a crossbow in the sense that they function very similarly.
The Ballista was an important medieval siege weapon that was used to throw large stones and other missiles from distance. This was among those medieval siege weapons that were used in attack and siege of medieval castles. A quite sophisticated mechanism was used to operate the medieval ballista and it could be built in various sizes depending on the need. The history of Ballista can be traced back to ancient Greek when it was built for Dionysius of Syracuse in 4th century BC. The Greeks made it using two weapons called oxybeles and gastraphetes. Its shape, however, was relatively primitive compared to the medieval siege weapon.